Hover Take a trip and Bee Travel Types Diversity
- 21 noviembre, 2022
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Bee Kinds Variety
Out-of 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually involved within the Calanques Federal Park through each other online and might bowl trap collection. They belonged to help you half dozen household and 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the very categories-steeped friends, followed closely by Apidae and you may Halictidae, having 53, 44, and you can 43 categories, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the brand new richest genus, having 33 diversity, whenever you are seven genera were represented on the only one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step one [on line merely] ). Utilising the jackknife step 1 and you can 2 spiders, new bee types fullness is largely estimated becoming between ± nine.89 and you can ± . New viewed richness thus portrayed 71.step 3 so you’re able to 79.6% of your own estimated bee fullness ( Desk 2). The fresh new Chao1 approach projected the brand new seen richness to track down 76.8% of your prospective limitation fullness ( Table 2). The quintessential numerous types is largely Apis mellifera L. (276 people), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 anybody, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). Sooner, 50 categories (26%) had been illustrated from the one private (singletons).
Environment Characteristics out of Bees
Regarding the environment characteristics regarding nesting need, i understood 59 unmarried bee species nesting a lot more than flooring, ninety-five solitary bee variety nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, similar to 31.7, 47.9, and you can numerous.0% of the complete bee range fullness, respectively. We thought of four personal kinds (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Sooner or later, the nesting preferences off 14 diversity are still unfamiliar (eight.3%- Supp Table step one [online simply] ). Regarding the floral diet plan of bee classes, we learned that 105 types (54.7%) foraged with the many bush varieties (i.many years., generalist assortment, polylectic) and you will 51 kinds (twenty six.5%) foraged on one bush nearest and dearest www.hookupwebsites.org/xmatch-review if you don’t one to/partners bush types (i.years., professional variety, oligolectic). Into the remaining thirty six bee variety (18.8%), new flowery diet wasn’t identified (age.grams., which have cleptoparasitic variety). maybe not, extremely generalist varieties shown a desires for just one otherwise a number out-of plant group ( Supp Dining table step one [on the web only] ). To the forty two singletons, 14 bee groups (28%) had been gurus, and you may nine bee species (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step 1 [on the web simply] ).
A keen IUCN position can easily be bought to own 178 diversity (leaving out the new categories structures and you may as yet not known models). The quintessential, 47 products is categorized since study not having (DD-26.4%), 124 species was the very least worried (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties ended up being near threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one types is believed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step 1 [online just] ). Three oligolectic classes was in fact among the many eight endangered bee products. An effective. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus try pro into the Fabaceae, D. argentata is basically a professional towards the Caprifoliaceae.
Away from 2009 to 2018, 38 version of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were trapped inside Calanques Federal Park. They belonged so you can twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [on the web merely] ). The absolute most plentiful genera was Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 somebody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 individuals), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in Latreille, 1828 (thirteen anyone), whereas 20 types (53%) was illustrated throughout the only one personal ( Supp Desk dos [on line merely] ). The new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was portrayed of one’s 20 kinds, and additionally four singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on line merely] ). New estimate out of full diversity fullness away-out of hover flies and you may bee flies is between 83 and you will 97 groups using the jackknife 1 and you can dos indexes, correspondingly. Therefore, the brand new viewed fullness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of estimated hover fly and you can bee fly fullness ( Table 2).